What are the Phases of Building Construction?

Unlike the phases of the architectural design of buildings, the building is actually constructed in a more straightforward way. As an example, all buildings must have foundations – some way of supporting the superstructure of the building. But, not all building designs need to have all of the phases of architectural design. Fast-track construction, as an example, at times may synthesize the design development and construction document phases into one phase.

So, as a tool to help you understand the way that buildings are constructed, we have included a ‘big picture’ outline of the main phases involved in constructing buildings.

The Top 10 Phases of Building Construction:

  1. Site Preparation and Excavation, including grading and rough plumbing
  2. Foundation
  3. Structure
  4. Plumbing
  5. Electrical
  6. Mechanical
  7. Exterior Finish and Fenestration (windows)
  8. Insulation
  9. Interior Finish and Furnishings
  10. Landscaping

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